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HISTORY OF WOMAN SUFFRAGE.

Edited by

ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, SUSAN B. ANTHONY, AND MATILDA JOSLYN GAGE.

Illustrated with Steel Engravings.

In Three Volumes.

VOL. I.

1848-1861.


"GOVERNMENTS DERIVE THEIR JUST POWERS FROM THE CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED."


[Illustration: FRANCES WRIGHT (with autograph).]







Second Edition.

Susan B. Anthony.
Rochester, N. Y.: Charles Mann.
London: 25 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden.
Paris. G. Fischbacher, 33 Rue De Seine.
1889.

Copyright, 1881, by
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and
Matilda Joslyn Gage.

Copyright, 1887, by Susan B. Anthony.



THESE VOLUMES

ARE

AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED

TO THE

Memory of

MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT,
FRANCES WRIGHT, LUCRETIA MOTT, HARRIET MARTINEAU, LYDIA MARIA CHILD,
MARGARET FULLER, SARAH AND ANGELINA GRIMK…, JOSEPHINE S. GRIFFING,
MARTHA C. WRIGHT, HARRIOT K. HUNT, M.D., MARIANA W. JOHNSON,
ALICE AND PHEBE CAREY, ANN PRESTON, M.D., LYDIA MOTT,
ELIZA W. FARNHAM, LYDIA F. FOWLER, M.D.,
PAULINA WRIGHT DAVIS,

Whose Earnest Lives and Fearless Words, in Demanding
Political Rights for Women, have been,
in the Preparation of these Pages,
a Constant Inspiration

TO

The Editors.




PREFACE.

In preparing this work, our object has been to put into permanent
shape the few scattered reports of the Woman Suffrage Movement still
to be found, and to make it an arsenal of facts for those who are
beginning to inquire into the demands and arguments of the leaders of
this reform. Although the continued discussion of the political rights
of woman during the last thirty years, forms a most important link in
the chain of influences tending to her emancipation, no attempt at its
history has been made. In giving the inception and progress of this
agitation, we who have undertaken the task have been moved by the
consideration that many of oar co-workers have already fallen asleep,
and that in a few years all who could tell the story will have passed
away.

In collecting material for these volumes, most of those of whom we
solicited facts have expressed themselves deeply interested in our
undertaking, and have gladly contributed all they could, feeling that
those identified with this reform were better qualified to prepare a
faithful history with greater patience and pleasure, than those of
another generation possibly could.

A few have replied, "It is too early to write the history of this
movement; wait until our object is attained; the actors themselves can
not write an impartial history; they have had their discords,
divisions, personal hostilities, that unfit them for the work."
Viewing the enfranchisement of woman as the most important demand of
the century, we have felt no temptation to linger over individual
differences. These occur in all associations, and may be regarded in
this case as an evidence of the growing self-assertion and
individualism in woman.

Woven with the threads of this history, we have given some personal
reminiscences and brief biographical sketches. To the few who, through
ill-timed humility, have refused to contribute any of their early
experiences we would suggest, that as each brick in a magnificent
structure might have had no special value alone on the road-side, yet,
in combination with many others, its size, position, quality, becomes
of vital consequence; so with the actors in any great reform, though
they may be of little value in themselves; as a part of a great
movement they may be worthy of mention--even important to the
completion of an historical record.

To be historians of a reform in which we have been among the chief
actors, has its points of embarrassment as well as advantage. Those
who fight the battle can best give what all readers like to know--the
impelling motives to action; the struggle in the face of opposition;
the vexation under ridicule; and the despair in success too long
deferred. Moreover, there is an interest in history written from a
subjective point of view, that may compensate the reader in this case
for any seeming egotism or partiality he may discover. As an
autobiography is more interesting than a sketch by another, so is a
history written by its actors, as in both cases we get nearer the soul
of the subject.

We have finished our task, and we hope the contribution we have made
may enable some other hand in the future to write a more complete
history of "the most momentous reform that has yet been launched on
the world--the first organized protest against the injustice which has
brooded over the character and destiny of one-half the human race."




CONTENTS.

PAGE

CHAPTER I.

PRECEDING CAUSES.


CHAPTER II.

WOMAN IN NEWSPAPERS.


CHAPTER III.

THE WORLD'S ANTI-SLAVERY CONVENTION, LONDON, JUNE 13, 1840.

Individualism rather than Authority--Personal appearance of
Abolitionists--Attempt to silence Woman--Doable battle against the
tyranny of sex and color--Bigoted Abolitionists--James G. Birney likes
freedom on a Southern plantation, but not at his own fireside--John
Bull never dreamt that Woman would answer his call--The venerable
Thomas Clarkson received by the Convention standing--Lengthy debate on
"Female" delegates--The "Females" rejected--William Lloyd Garrison
refusing to sit in the Convention 50


CHAPTER IV.

NEW YORK.

The First Woman's Rights Convention, Seneca Falls, July 19-80,
1848--Property Bights of Women secured--Judge Fine, George Geddes,
and Mr. Hadley pushing the Bill through--Danger of meddling with
well-settled conditions of domestic happiness--Mrs. Barbara Hertell's
will--Richard Hunt's tea-table--The eventful day--James Mott
President--Declaration of sentiments--Convention in Rochester--
Opposition with Bible arguments 63


CHAPTER V.

MRS. COLLINS' REMINISCENCES.

The first Suffrage Society--Methodist class-leader whips his
wife--Theology enchains the soul--The status of women and slaves the
same--The first medical college opened to women--Petitions to the
Legislature laughed at, and laid on the table--Dependence woman's best
protection; her weakness her sweetest charm--Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell's
letter--Sketch of Ernestine L. Rose 88


CHAPTER VI.

OHIO.

The promised land of fugitives--"Uncle Tom's Cabin"--Salem Convention,
1850--Akron, 1851--Massilon, 1853--The address to the women of
Ohio--The Mohammedan law forbidding pigs, dogs, women, and other
impure animals to enter a Mosque--The _New York Tribune_--Cleveland
Convention, 1853--Hon. Joshua K. Giddings--Letter from Horace
Greeley--A glowing eulogy to Mary Wollstonecraft--William Henry
Channing's Declaration--The pulpit and public sentiment--President Asa
Mahan debates--The Rev. Dr. Nevin pulls Mr. Garrison's nose--
Antoinette L. Brown describes her exit from the World's Temperance
Convention--Cincinnati Convention, 1855--Jane Elizabeth Jones'
Report, 1861 101


CHAPTER VII.

REMINISCENCES BY CLARINA I. HOWARD NICHOLS.

VERMONT: Editor _Windham County Democrat_--Property Laws, 1847 and
1849--Address to the Legislature on school suffrage, 1852.

WISCONSIN: Woman's State Temperance Society--Lydia F. Fowler in
company--Opposition of Clergy--"Woman's Rights" wouldn't
do--Advertised "Men's Rights."

KANSAS: Free State Emigration, 1854--Gov. Robinson and
Senator Pomeroy--Woman's Rights speeches on Steamboat, and at
Lawrence--Constitutional Convention, 1859--State Woman Suffrage
Association--John O. Wattles, President--Aid from the Francis Jackson
Fund--Canvassing the State--School Suffrage gained.

MISSOURI: Lecturing at St. Joseph, 1858, on Col. Scott's
Invitation--Westport and the John Brown raid, 1859--St. Louis,
1854--Frances D. Gage, Rev. Wm. G. Eliot, and Rev. Mr. Weaver 171


CHAPTER VIII.

MASSACHUSETTS.

Women in the Revolution--Anti-Tea Leagues--Phillis Wheatley--Mistress
Anne Hutchinson--Heroines in the Slavery Conflict--Women Voting under
the Colonial Charter--Mary Upton Ferrin Petitions the Legislature in
1848--Woman's Rights Convention in 1850, '51--Letter of Harriet
Martineau from England--Letter of Jeannie Deroine from a Prison Cell
in Paris--Editorial from _The Christian Enquirer_--_The Una_, edited
by Paulina Wright Davis--Constitutional Convention in 1858--Before the
Legislature in 1857--Harriot K. Hunt's Protest against Taxation--Lucy
Stone's Protest against the Marriage Laws--Boston Conventions--
Theodore Parker on Woman's Position 201


CHAPTER IX.

INDIANA AND WISCONSIN.

Indiana Missionary Station--Gen. Arthur St. Clair--Indian
surprises--The terrible war-whoop--One hundred women join the army,
and are killed fighting bravely--Prairie schooners--Manufactures in
the hands of women--Admitted to the Union in 1816--Robert Dale
Owen--Woman Suffrage Conventions--Wisconsin--C.



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