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JULIAN--I ask unanimous consent to present at
this time and have printed in the _Globe_ the memorial of
Victoria C. Woodhull, claiming the right of suffrage under the
XIV. and XV. Articles of Amendments to the Constitution of the
United States, and asking for the enactment of the necessary and
appropriate legislation to guarantee the exercise of that right
to the women of the United States. I also ask that the petition
be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

No objection was made, and it was ordered accordingly.


THE MEMORIAL OF VICTORIA C. WOODHULL.

_To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States in Congress assembled, respectfully showeth:_

That she was born in the State of Ohio, and is above the age of
twenty-one years; that she has resided in the State of New York
during the past three years; that she is still a resident
thereof, and that she is a citizen of the United States, as
declared by the XIV. Article of the Amendments to the
Constitution of the United States.

That since the adoption of the XV. Article of the Amendments to
the Constitution, neither the State of New York nor any other
State, nor any Territory, has passed any law to abridge the right
of any citizen of the United States to vote, as established by
said article, neither on account of sex or otherwise. That,
nevertheless, the right to vote is denied to women citizens of
the United States by the operation of Election Laws in the
several States and Territories, which laws were enacted prior to
the adoption of the said XV. Article, and which are inconsistent
with the Constitution as amended, and, therefore, are void and of
no effect; but which, being still enforced by the said States and
Territories, render the Constitution inoperative as regards the
right of women citizens to vote:

And whereas, Article VI., Section 2, declares "That this
Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be
made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall
be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the
supreme law of the land; and all judges in every State shall be
bound thereby, anything in the Constitution and laws of any State
to the contrary, notwithstanding."

And whereas, no distinction between citizens is made in the
Constitution of the United States on account of sex; but the XV.
Article of Amendments to it provides that "No State shall make or
enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges and immunities
of citizens of the United States, nor deny to any person within
its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."

And whereas, Congress has power to make laws which shall be
necessary and proper for carrying into execution all powers
vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United
States; and to make or alter all regulations in relation to
holding elections for senators or representatives, and especially
to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of the
said XIV. Article:

And whereas, the continuance of the enforcement of said local
election laws, denying and abridging the right of citizens to
vote on account of sex, is a grievance to your memorialist and to
various other persons, citizens of the United States,

Therefore, your memorialist would most respectfully petition your
honorable bodies to make such laws as in the wisdom of Congress
shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the
right vested by the Constitution in the citizens of the United
States to vote, without regard to sex.

And your memorialist will ever pray. VICTORIA C. WOODHULL.

New York City, Dec. 19, 1870.


ADDRESS OF VICTORIA C. WOODHULL JANUARY 11, 1871.

_To the Honorable the Judiciary Committee of the House of
Representatives of the Congress of the United States:_

Having most respectfully memorialized Congress for the passage of
such laws as in its wisdom shall seem necessary and proper to
carry into effect the rights vested by the Constitution of the
United States in the citizens to vote, without regard to sex, I
beg leave to submit to your honorable body the following in favor
of my prayer in said memorial which has been referred to your
Committee.

The public law of the world is founded upon the conceded fact
that sovereignty can not be forfeited or renounced. The sovereign
power of this country is perpetually in the politically
organized people of the United States, and can neither be
relinquished nor abandoned by any portion of them. The people in
this republic who confer sovereignty are its citizens: in a
monarchy the people are the subjects of sovereignty. All citizens
of a republic by rightful act or implication confer sovereign
power. All people of a monarchy are subjects who exist under its
supreme shield and enjoy its immunities. The subject of a monarch
takes municipal immunities from the sovereign as a gracious
favor; but the woman citizen of this country has the inalienable
"sovereign" right of self-government in her own proper person.
Those who look upon woman's status by the dim light of the common
law, which unfolded itself under the feudal and military
institutions that establish right upon physical power, can not
find any analogy in the status of the woman citizen of this
country, where the broad sunshine of our Constitution has
enfranchised all.

As sovereignty can not be forfeited, relinquished, or abandoned,
those from whom it flows--the citizens--are equal in conferring
the power, and should be equal in the enjoyment of its benefits
and in the exercise of its rights and privileges. One portion of
citizens have no power to deprive another portion of rights and
privileges such as are possessed and exercised by themselves. The
male citizen has no more right to deprive the female citizen of
the free, public, political, expression of opinion than the
female citizen has to deprive the male citizen thereof.

The sovereign will of the people is expressed in our written
Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land. The
Constitution makes no distinction of sex. The Constitution
defines a woman born or naturalized in the United States, and
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, to be a citizen. It
recognizes the right of citizens to vote. It declares that the
right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be
denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on
account of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."

Women, white and black, belong to races, although to different
races. A race of people comprises all the people, male and
female. The right to vote can not be denied on account of race.
All people included in the term race have the right to vote,
unless otherwise prohibited. Women of all races are white, black,
or some intermediate color. Color comprises all people, of all
races and both sexes. The right to vote can not be denied on
account of color. All people included in the term color have the
right to vote unless otherwise prohibited.

With the right to vote sex has nothing to do. Race and color
include all people of both sexes. All people of both sexes have
the right to vote, unless prohibited by special limiting terms
less comprehensive than race or color. No such limiting terms
exist in the Constitution. Women, white and black, have from time
immemorial groaned under what is properly termed in the
Constitution "previous condition of servitude." Women are the
equals of men before the law, and are equal in all their rights
as citizens. Women are debarred from voting in some parts of the
United States, although they are allowed to exercise that right
elsewhere. Women were formerly permitted to vote in places where
they are now debarred therefrom. The naturalization laws of the
United States expressly provide for the naturalization of women.
But the right to vote has only lately been definitely declared by
the Constitution to be inalienable, under three distinct
conditions--in all of which woman is clearly embraced.

The citizen who is taxed should also have a voice in the subject
matter of taxation. "No taxation without representation" is a
right which was fundamentally established at the very birth of
our country's independence; and by what ethics does any free
government impose taxes on women without giving them a voice upon
the subject or a participation in the public declaration as to
how and by whom these taxes shall be applied for common public
use? Women are free to own and to control property, separate and
free from males, and they are held responsible in their own
proper persons, in every particular, as well as men, in and out
of court. Women have the same inalienable right to life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness that men have. Why have they not
this right politically, as well as men?

Women constitute a majority of the people of this country--they
hold vast portions of the nation's wealth and pay a proportionate
share of the taxes. They are intrusted with the most vital
responsibilities of society; they bear, rear, and educate men;
they train and mould their characters; they inspire the noblest
impulses in men; they often hold the accumulated fortunes of a
man's life for the safety of the family and as guardians of the
infants, and yet they are debarred from uttering any opinion by
public vote, as to the management by public servants of these
interests; they are the secret counselors, the best advisers, the
most devoted aids in the most trying periods of men's lives, and
yet men shrink from trusting them in the common questions of
ordinary politics.



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