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vol. ii. p. 148.

[506] Liverpool to Castlereagh, Sept. 27, 1814. Castlereagh Papers MSS.

[507] Ante, p. 385; and 384, note.

[508] Liverpool to Castlereagh, Oct. 28. Castlereagh Papers MSS.

[509] Liverpool to Castlereagh, Oct. 21, 1814. Ibid.

[510] Bathurst to Castlereagh, Oct. 21, 1814. Castlereagh Papers MSS.

[511] Castlereagh Papers MSS.

[512] Castlereagh to Sir H. Wellesley, Sept. 9, 1814. Memoirs, series
iii. vol. ii. p. 112.

[513] Liverpool to Castlereagh, Nov. 2, 1814. Castlereagh Papers MSS.

[514] Wellington to Liverpool, Nov. 9, 1814. Castlereagh Memoirs, series
iii. vol. ii. p. 187.

[515] Castlereagh to Wellington, Nov. 21, 1814. Castlereagh Memoirs,
series iii. vol. ii. p. 205.

[516] Wellington to Liverpool, Nov. 7 and 9, 1814. Ibid., pp. 186, 190.

[517] Liverpool to Castlereagh, Nov. 4, 1814. Castlereagh MSS.

[518] Wellington to Liverpool, Nov. 18, 1814. Castlereagh Letters,
series iii. vol. ii. p. 203.

[519] Wellington to Liverpool, Nov. 9, 1814. Castlereagh Memoirs, series
iii. vol. ii. p. 189.

[520] Liverpool to Castlereagh, Nov. 18, 1814. Castlereagh MSS.

[521] Bathurst to the commissioners, Dec. 6, 1814. Castlereagh Memoirs,
series iii. vol. ii. p. 214.

[522] American State Papers, Foreign Relations, vol. iii. p. 735.

[523] Castlereagh Memoirs, series iii. vol. ii. p. 188.

[524] Liverpool to Castlereagh, Nov. 18, 1814. Castlereagh MSS.

[525] Ibid., Dec. 23, 1814. Castlereagh MSS.

[526] The contemporary name of the political party to which Jefferson,
Madison, and Gallatin belonged.

[527] Writings of Gallatin, May 7, 1816, vol. i. p. 700.




INDEX


_Actions, Land._
i.:
Detroit, 346;
Queenston, 357;
Niagara, 358;
Frenchtown, 370.
ii.:
York [Toronto], 36, 55;
Fort George, 38;
Sackett's Harbor, 42;
Stony Creek, 46;
Beaver Dam, 47;
Fort Meigs, 68;
Fort Stephenson, 73;
The Thames, 103;
Chrystler's Farm, 115;
Chippewa, 295;
Lundy's Lane, 306;
Fort Erie, 314, 316;
Bladensburg, 346;
Plattsburg, 366;
New Orleans, 394.

_Actions, Naval._
i.:
Elliott's capture of "Caledonia" and "Detroit," 354;
"Constitution" and "Guerrière," 330;
"Frolic" and "Wasp," 412;
"Macedonian" and "United States," 416.
ii.:
"Constitution" and "Java," 3;
"Hornet" and "Peacock," 7;
squadron engagements on Lake Ontario, 1813, August 10, 56;
September 11, 60;
September 28, 107;
battle of Lake Erie, 76;
"Chesapeake" and "Shannon," 135;
"Boxer" and "Enterprise," 188;
"Argus" and "Pelican," 217;
"Essex" with "Phoebe" and "Cherub," 249;
"Wasp" and "Reindeer," 254;
"Wasp" and "Avon," 256;
"Epervier" and "Peacock," 259;
battle of Lake Champlain, 377;
gunboat squadron on Lake Borgne, 389;
"President" with British squadron, 398;
"Constitution" with "Cyane" and "Levant," 405;
"Hornet" and "Penguin," 407.

_Actions, Privateer._
ii.:
"Globe" with British packets, 226;
"Decatur" and "Dominica," 233;
"Comet" and "Hibernia," 234;
"Saucy Jack" and "Pelham," 235;
"Saucy Jack" with "Volcano" and "Golden Fleece," 235;
"Kemp" with seven British merchantmen, 237;
"Chasseur" and "St. Lawrence," 238.

_Acts of Congress._
To protect American shipping, i. 76, 80;
Non-Importation Act, against Great Britain, April, 1806, 113, 131, 183;
Embargo Act, December 22, 1807, 182;
Act for the better Enforcement of the Embargo, January 9, 1809, 208;
partial repeal of Embargo Act--"Non-Intercourse" Act against Great
Britain and France, March 1, 1809, 210, 211, 213, 214;

Act repealing Non-Intercourse Act, with a substitute, May 1, 1810,
234, 235;
supplementary Act, reviving Non-Intercourse against Great Britain
alone, March 2, 1811, 248, 249;
Embargo Act for ninety days, war measure, April 4, 1812, 263;
Declaration of War, June 18, 1812, 279.

_Adams, John._ Minister to Great Britain.
French colonial principles, i. 28;
British interest in navigation, 11, 30 (and note);
public opinion in England, as observed by him, 47, 63, 64, 69, 79;
remonstrates against impressment of American seamen, 119;
President of United States, instructs against impressment, 121;
care for the navy, ii. 213.

_Adams, John Quincy._ Senator from Massachusetts.
Opinions as to Orders in Council, i. 178-181;
opinions on a navy, 186;
Minister to Russia, ii. 411;
commissioner to treat for peace, 412.

"_Adams._" American frigate.
Blockaded in Potomac, ii. 162, 169-170, 174;
escapes, 178;
cruise of, 226, 261;
runs ashore on Isle au Haut, 353;
takes refuge in Penobscot, and destroyed to escape capture, 354.

_Allen, William H._ Commander, U.S.N.
Commands "Argus," ii. 216;
killed in action, 218.

"_America._"
Private armed ship, i. 398; ii. 229.

"_Argus._"
American brig of war, i. 314-415;
captured by "Pelican," ii. 217.

_Armstrong, John._
U.S. Minister to France at the time of the Berlin Decree, i. 172-174,
181, 182, 236-238, 240, 244.
Advice to Eustis, Secretary of War, before the outbreak of
hostilities, 309, 339.
Secretary of War, 31, 33, 39, 45, 104-106, 110-112, 117, 120, 122,
266 (note), 278, 291-293, 319, 343, 344.

"_Avon._" British brig of war.
Sunk by U.S.S. "Reindeer," ii. 256.


_Bainbridge, William._ Captain, U.S.N.
Applies for furlough, because of the condition of the navy, i. 257;
opinion as to employment of navy in war, 318;
mentions public opinion in Boston, 393;
commands squadron, 407;
his plans for the cruise, ii. 2;
captures Java, 4;
instructions to Lawrence for cruise of "Hornet," 7;
returns to the United States, 7;
commands Boston navy yard, 135, 153, 186.

_Barclay, Robert H._ Commander, R.N.
Sent to lakes by Warren, ii. 28;
ordered by Yeo to command on Lake Erie, 29;
difficulty in reaching his command, 39;
operations prior to battle of Lake Erie, 41, 69-74;
battle of Lake Erie, 76;
merits of his conduct, 94.

_Barclay, Thomas._ British Consul-General at New York.
On impressment question, i. 118, 122;
on effects of embargo on seamen, 192.

_Barlow, Joel._
U.S. Minister to France, in succession to Armstrong, i. 176, 193,
264, 271-273.

_Barney, Joshua._ Commodore by courtesy.
Commands privateer "Rossie," i. 395-398;
commands Chesapeake flotilla, ii. 336-344;
gallant conduct of himself and men at Bladensburg, 347, 348.

_Bassano, Duke of._ French Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Presents to the American minister the spurious Decree of April 28,
1811, i. 272.

_Bathurst, Earl._ British Secretary for War and Colonies.
Quoted, ii. 100, 331 (note), 383, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 431.

_Berkeley, George C._ Vice-Admiral, R.N., commanding North American
station.
Issues the order to search the U.S.S. "Chesapeake," i. 156;
recalled from his command in consequence, 167,
but given within a year the important command at Lisbon, 168;
British Government refuses further punishment for his action, 168.

_Biddle, James._ Commander, U.S.N.
Commands "Hornet" when she captures "Penguin," ii. 407.

_Black Rock._
Selected by Elliott as American naval station on Lake Erie, i. 355, 374;
changed by Chauncey, 375;
mentioned in operations, 355, 358, 374, 377; ii. 34, 40, 41, 62, 71, 121.

_Blakely, Johnstone._ Commander, U.S.N.
Commands "Enterprise," ii. 187;
commands "Wasp," 253;
captures "Reindeer," 254;
sinks "Avon," 256;
lost at sea, 257.

_Blockades._
General principle determining legality of, i. 99, 110, 145;
position of United States concerning, defined, 110;
that of May 16, 1806, illustrates difference between United States
and Great Britain, 111;
Napoleon's definition of the right of blockade, 142-144;
Marshall, in 1800, and Pinkney, 1811, incidentally support Napoleon's
view, 146, 147;
effect of this view upon sea power, and upon Great Britain, 147;
effect upon the Civil War of the United States, had it been
conceded, 148;
the Orders in Council of 1807 are admitted by Great Britain to usurp
the privileges of, without complying with the obligations, 177;
though modelled on the general plan of, 179;
distinction between military and commercial, 286;
in essence and effect, a form of commerce destruction, 287;
as such, the weapon of the stronger, 288;
of Chesapeake and Delaware,--commercial,--by British, notified,
December 26, 1812, ii. 9;
extended to coast south of Narragansett Bay, March 30 and November
16, 1813, 10;
to whole United States coast, April and May, 1814, 11;
the last a defiance in form of the United States claim concerning, 11;
effects of the British commercial, upon United States, 177-187, 193-208;
American definition of, rejected as inadmissible at the treaty of
peace, 432.

"_Boxer._" British brig of war.
Captured by "Enterprise," ii. 188.
See also note to chap. xiii.

_Brock, Isaac._ British general.
Lieutenant Governor, and military commander in Upper Canada, i. 337;
his professional opinions, 304, 308;
his successful action against Hull for the preservation of the
northwest, 341-348;
returns to the Niagara frontier, 351;
killed in action at Queenston, 357.

_Broke, Philip B.V._ Captain, R.N.
Commands frigate "Shannon";
senior officer of vessels of New York, i. 325;
accompanies West India convoy, 326;
chase of "Constitution," 327;
blockading Boston, ii. 133;
singular merit of, 133;
sends challenge to Lawrence, 134;
action with, and capture of, U.S.S. "Chesapeake," 135.

_Brown, Jacob._ American general.
First in the militia, successfully defends Sackett's Harbor, ii. 42;
appointed brigadier general in the army, 45;
stationed at Sackett's Harbor, 1814, 278;
campaign on Niagara peninsula, 280-318;
wounded at Lundy's Lane, 311;
defence of Fort Erie, 314-318;
returns to Sackett's at end of the campaign, 323.

_Burrows, William._ Lieutenant, U.S.N.
Commands "Enterprise" when she captures "Boxer," ii.



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