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THE

DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE

OF THE

AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

VOL. VIII.




THE

DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE

OF THE

AMERICAN REVOLUTION;

BEING

THE LETTERS OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, SILAS DEANE, JOHN ADAMS, JOHN JAY,
ARTHUR LEE, WILLIAM LEE, RALPH IZARD, FRANCIS DANA, WILLIAM
CARMICHAEL, HENRY LAURENS, JOHN LAURENS, M. DE LAFAYETTE, M. DUMAS,
AND OTHERS, CONCERNING THE FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES
DURING THE WHOLE REVOLUTION;

TOGETHER WITH

THE LETTERS IN REPLY FROM THE SECRET COMMITTEE OF CONGRESS, AND THE
SECRETARY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

ALSO,

THE ENTIRE CORRESPONDENCE OF THE FRENCH MINISTERS, GERARD AND LUZERNE,
WITH CONGRESS.


Published under the Direction of the President of the United States,
from the original Manuscripts in the Department of State, conformably
to a Resolution of Congress, of March 27th, 1818.


EDITED

BY JARED SPARKS.


VOL. VIII.


BOSTON:

NATHAN HALE AND GRAY & BOWEN;

G. & C. &. H. CARVILL, NEW YORK; P. THOMPSON, WASHINGTON.


1830.




Steam Power Press--W. L. Lewis' Print.

No. 6, Congress Street, Boston.




CONTENTS

OF THE

EIGHTH VOLUME.


JOHN JAY'S CORRESPONDENCE,

CONTINUED.


Page.

Robert R. Livingston to John Jay. Philadelphia, December
13th, 1781, 3

Military operations in the South.--Requests more
frequent communications.

Robert R. Livingston to John Jay. Philadelphia, February 2d,
1782, 5

State of affairs in the South.--New order introduced
into the financial department.--Interest of Spain to
attack Britain in America.--Apostacy of Mr Deane.

To Robert R. Livingston, Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
Madrid, February 6th, 1782, 8

Correspondence interrupted and examined in the
post-offices.

To the President of Congress. Madrid, February 6th, 1782, 10

Delays of the Spanish Court.--Thinks it advisable to
demand a categorical answer.

To Robert R. Livingston. Madrid, February 16th, 1782, 12

Capitulation of Fort St Philip.

To Robert R. Livingston. Madrid, February 18th, 1782, 12

Encloses the articles of capitulation for Fort St
Philip.

Robert R. Livingston to John Jay. Philadelphia, March 8th,
1782, 13

Military operations in the South.

Robert R. Livingston to John Jay. Philadelphia, April 27th,
1782, 14

General expectations from Spain.--Conduct of Spain
towards America.--Spanish Claims on Great Britain and in
America.--That Court can only secure the exclusive
navigation of the Mississippi by an alliance with the
United States.--The sums advanced by Spain to the United
States will be repaid.

Robert R. Livingston to John Jay. Philadelphia, April 28th,
1782, 20

State of the American military force.

To Robert R. Livingston. Madrid, April 28th, 1782, 21

Difficulty of obtaining supplies.--Letter to Dr
Franklin, (St Ildefonso, September 10th, 1781),
requesting supplies of money to meet the bills drawn on
him; new financial regulations of Mr Morris; they will
probably spare him the necessity of making further
demands.--Receives advances from M. Cabarrus.--Dr
Franklin permits Mr Jay to draw on him.--The Court
prepares to go to the Escurial.--Note from Mr Jay to the
Count de Florida Blanca, informing him of his intention
of returning to Madrid.--Reply of the Count de Florida
Blanca to the preceding.--Complaint exhibited by the
Count de Florida Blanca against Commodore Gillon, for
retaining deserters from the Spanish service on board
his vessel.--Letter from Mr Jay to the Count de Florida
Blanca, (Madrid, October 9th, 1781), acknowledging the
justice of his demand of the surrender of the deserters,
and enclosing a copy of his letter to Commodore Gillon
on the subject; Mr Jay urges decisive measures relating
to the negotiations with America.--Letter from Mr Jay to
Commodore Gillon (Madrid, October 9th, 1781), advising
the surrender of the deserters.--Receives a statement
from Commodore Gillon, showing the charge against him to
have been precipitate.--Representations of Colonel
Searle against Commodore Gillon disproved by the
Commodore.--Continued silence of the Spanish
Minister.--Letter from Mr Jay to the Count de Florida
Blanca (Madrid, October 28th, 1781), representing the
inconveniences of an ordinance requiring the legality of
prizes brought into the Spanish ports, to be tried in
the Court of Admiralty, whence the commission of the
captors issued.--Receives no answer.--Letter from Mr
Jay to the Count de Florida Blanca (Madrid, November
6th, 1781), on the detention of the American privateer
Cicero, with her prize, at Bilboa, on account of her
firing into one of the King's cutters; statement of the
case, which renders the firing justifiable.--Note from
the Count de Florida Blanca to Mr Jay, declaring his
statement to be incorrect, and insisting on
satisfaction.--Letter from Mr Jay to the Count de
Florida Blanca (Madrid, November 12th, 1781), requesting
a statement of the facts in the case of the Cicero, and
the speedy release of the vessel.--Letter from the Count
de Florida Blanca to Mr Jay, communicating an order for
the release of the Cicero.--Card from Mr Jay on the
subject.--Letter from Mr Jay to the Count de Florida
Blanca (Madrid, November 16th, 1781), urging the
necessity of supplies.--Receives no answer.--Letter from
Mr Jay to Dr Franklin (Madrid, November 21st, 1781),
requesting advances of money to meet the bills drawn on
him.--Note from Mr Jay to the Count de Florida Blanca,
requesting an interview.--Reply to the preceding
note.--Receives no answer to a Memorial, which he
transmits from Mr Harrison; experiences the same neglect
in other similar cases.--Interview with the Count de
Florida Blanca; the Count excuses the delays on account
of the sickness of M. del Campo, and declines entering
on any business.--M. del Campo has been appointed to
confer with Mr Jay three months without Mr Jay's
knowledge.--M. del Campo declines the conference, under
pretence of ill health; and afterwards on the plea of
want of instruction.--Letter from Mr Jay to Dr Franklin
(Madrid, December 31st, 1781), asking advances of
money.--Letter from Mr Jay to Dr Franklin (Madrid,
January 11th, 1782), on the subject of
advances.--Conference with the French Ambassador; Mr Jay
complains of the delays of the Spanish Court; requests
aid from France; declares his intention in case of
protesting the bills, to assign as a reason, that he had
placed too much confidence in his Catholic Majesty; the
Ambassador advises patience.--Letter from Dr Franklin to
Mr Jay (Passy, January 15th, 1782), enclosing a letter
from the Count de Vergennes to Dr Franklin (Versailles,
December 31st, 1781), promising to advance a million to
him, if he is authorised to dispose of the Dutch
loan.--Letter from Mr Jay to Dr Franklin (Madrid,
January 30th, 1782), on the subject of advances;
important services of Dr Franklin.--Note from Mr Jay to
M. del Campo (Madrid, February 1st, 1782), expressing
his anxiety to enter upon the discussion of American
affairs.--Reply of M. del Campo, regretting that the
ill health of the Count de Florida Blanca has prevented
the drawing up of his instructions.--Letter from Dr
Franklin to Mr Jay (Passy, January 19th, 1782), stating
the difficulties of obtaining further supplies in
France; the Dutch loan principally anticipated; advises
Mr Jay to demand an immediate and explicit answer to his
proposition of a treaty, and solicit his recall in case
of further delay.--Letter from M. Cabarrus to Mr Jay
(Madrid, February 10th, 1782), requesting to know how he
is to be reimbursed for his advances.--Mr Jay replies
verbally to M. Cabarrus, that he can give him no
positive assurances of immediate repayment, but has
expectations from Dr Franklin.--The French Ambassador
promises to represent to the Count de Florida Blanca,
the critical situation of Mr Jay.--Letter from the
Chevalier de Bourgoing to Mr Jay, communicating the
reply of the Spanish Minister to the representations of
the French Ambassador.--Note from Mr Jay to the
Chevalier de Bourgoing, returning his thanks to the
Ambassador.--Letter from Mr Jay to Dr Franklin (Madrid,
February 11th, 1782), on the subject of advances.--Mr
Jay pays a visit to the Minister, who refers him to M.
del Campo.--Evasions of M. del Campo.--Letter from M.
Cabarrus to Mr Jay (Madrid, February 25th, 1782),
transmitting accounts of his advances, and requesting
repayment.--M. Cabarrus has a conference with the
Minister, who refuses any new advances, and declares
that the King is dissatisfied, that he has received no
returns from America for his good offices.--Conference
between Mr Jay and the French Ambassador.--Letter from
Mr Jay to Dr Franklin (Madrid, March 1st, 1782), on the
subject of advances.--Letter from Mr Jay to the Count de
Florida Blanca (Madrid, March 2d, 1782), explaining the
causes which have prevented returns on the part of the
United States to the King's good offices; declares
himself entirely without resources.--Note from Mr Jay to
M.



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