A B C D E F
G H I J K L M 

Total read books on site:
more than 10 000

You can read its for free!


Text on one page: Few Medium Many
Produced by Mark C. Orton, Suzanne Lybarger, Graeme Mackreth
and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at








[Illustration: UNITED STATES SHOWING DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION and
Standard Time Divisions.]




A NEW HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

The Greater Republic

EMBRACING

THE GROWTH AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF OUR COUNTRY FROM THE
EARLIEST DAYS OF DISCOVERY AND SETTLEMENT
TO THE PRESENT EVENTFUL YEAR


SHOWING HOW FROM THIRTEEN COLONIES WITH A SCATTERED POPULATION ALONG THE
ATLANTIC COAST A GREAT REPUBLIC HAS BEEN FORMED, EMBRACING
FORTY-FIVE STATES WITH 75,000,000 INHABITANTS AND VAST
COLONIAL POSSESSIONS IN TWO HEMISPHERES


By CHARLES MORRIS, LL.D.

Author of "Decisive Events in American History," "Half Hours with the
Best American Authors," "An Historical Review of Civilization," Etc.,
Etc.


Embellished With Over 300 New Engravings

ILLUSTRATING ALL THAT IS INTERESTING AND INSPIRING IN OUR HISTORY


JOHN C. WINSTON & CO.
PHILADELPHIA CHICAGO TORONTO
1899


Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1899, by

W.E. SCULL.

in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

* * * * *

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

[Illustration]




PUBLISHERS' INTRODUCTION.


The late war with Spain marks a momentous epoch in the progress of our
country, whose history, stretching through the centuries of discovery,
exploration, settlement, the struggle for independence, foreign and
domestic war, lofty achievement in all departments of knowledge and
progress, is the most interesting in human annals. It is a record full
of instruction and incitement to endeavor, which must fill every
American with pride in his birthright, and with gratitude to Him who
holds the earth and the sea in the hollow of His hand.

The following pages contain a complete, accurate, and graphic history of
our country from the first visit of the Northmen, a thousand years ago,
to the opening of its new destiny, through the late struggle, resulting
in the freeing of Cuba, the wresting of the Philippines, Porto Rico, and
the Ladrones from the tyranny of the most cruel of modern nations, and
the addition of Hawaii to our domain. The Greater United States, at one
bound, assumes its place in the van of nations, and becomes the foremost
agent in civilizing and christianizing the world.

The task, long committed to England, Germany, France, Russia, and later
to Japan, must henceforth be shared with us, whose glowing future gives
promise of the crowning achievement of the ages. With a fervent trust in
a guiding Providence, and an abiding confidence in our ability, we enter
upon the new and grander career, as in obedience to the divine behest
that the Latin race must decrease and the Anglo-Saxon increase, and that
the latter, in a human sense, must be the regenerator of all who are
groping in the night of ignorance and barbarism.

It is a wonderful story that is traced in the pages that follow. A
comprehension of the present and of the promise of the future
necessitates an understanding of the past. The history of the Greater
United States, therefore, is complete, from the first glimpse, in the
early morning of October 12, 1492, of San Salvador by Columbus, through
the settlement of the colonies, their struggles for existence, the
colonial wars, the supreme contest between England and France for
mastery in the New World, the long gloom of the Revolution that brought
independence, the founding of the Republic, in 1787, the growth and
expansion of the nation, the mighty War for the Union that united the
divided house and planted it upon a rock, and the later "war for
humanity," when the perishing islands, stretching their hands to us in
helpless anguish, were gathered under the flag of freedom, there to
remain through all time to come.

There have been many leaders in this great work. Not the story of the
deeds alone, but of those who performed them is told. History,
biography, and all that is interesting and profitable to know are here
truthfully set forth, for their lesson is one whose value is beyond
measurement.

In addition to the history of that which was simply the United States, a
complete account is given of our new colonial possessions, Hawaii, Porto
Rico, the Philippines, the Ladrones, and of Cuba, the child of our
adoption. Their geography, their soil, climate, productions,
inhabitants, and capabilities are set forth with fullness and accuracy.

In conclusion, the publishers confidently claim that "The Greater
Republic" is the fullest, most interesting, reliable, and instructive
work of the kind ever offered the public.

[Illustration: "I AM READY FOR ANY SERVICE THAT I CAN GIVE MY COUNTRY"

In 1798 our Government was about to declare war against France. Congress
appointed Washington Commander-in-chief of the American Army. The
Secretary of War carried the commission in person to Mt. Vernon. The old
hero, sitting on his horse in the harvest field, accepted in the above
patriotic words.]




TABLE OF CONTENTS


CHAPTER I.

DISCOVERY AND EXPLORATION.

The Visits of the Northmen to the New World--The Indians and Mound
Builders--Christopher Columbus--His Discovery of America--Amerigo
Vespucci--John Cabot--_Spanish Explorers_--Balboa--His Discovery of
the Pacific--Magellan--Ponce de Leon--De Narvaez--De Soto--Menendez
--_French Explorers_--Verrazzani--Cartier--Ribault--Laudonnière--Champlain
--La Salle--_English Explorers_--Sir Hugh Willoughby--Martin
Frobisher--Sir Humphrey Gilbert--Sir Walter Raleigh--The Lost
Colony--_Dutch Explorer_--Henry Hudson 33


CHAPTER II.

SETTLEMENT OF THE THIRTEEN ORIGINAL STATES.

_Virginia_,--Founding of Jamestown--Captain John
Smith--Introduction of African Slavery--Indian Wars--Bacon's
Rebellion--Forms of Government--Prosperity--Education--_New
England_,--Plymouth--Massachusetts Bay Colony--Union of the
Colonies--Religious Persecution--King Philip's War--The
Witchcraft Delusion--_New Hampshire_,--_The Connecticut
Colony_,--_The New Haven Colony_,--Union of the Colonies--Indian
Wars--The Charter Oak--_Rhode Island_,--Different Forms of
Government--_New York_,--The Dutch and English Settlers--_New
Jersey_,--_Delaware_,--_Pennsylvania_,--_Maryland_,--Mason and
Dixon's Line--_The Carolinas_,--_Georgia_ 47


CHAPTER III.

THE INTERCOLONIAL WARS AND THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.

King William's War--Queen Anne's War--King George's War--The
French and Indian War--England and France Rivals in the Old World
and the New--The Early French Settlements--The Disputed
Territory--France's Fatal Weakness--Washington's Journey Through
the Wilderness--The First Fight of the War--The War Wholly
American for Two Years--The Braddock Massacre--The Great Change
Wrought by William Pitt--Fall of Quebec--Momentous Consequences
of the Great English Victory--The Growth and Progress of the
Colonies and their Home Life 75


CHAPTER IV.

THE REVOLUTION--THE WAR IN NEW ENGLAND.

Causes of the Revolution--The Stamp Act--The Boston Tea
Party--England's Unbearable Measures--The First Continental
Congress--The Boston Massacre--Lexington and Concord--The Second
Continental Congress--Battle of Bunker Hill--Assumption of
Command by Washington--British Evacuation of Boston--Disastrous
Invasion of Canada 89


CHAPTER V.

THE REVOLUTION (CONTINUED). THE WAR IN THE MIDDLE STATES AND ON THE SEA.

Declaration of Independence--The American Flag--Battle of Long
Island--Washington's Retreat Through the Jerseys--Trenton and
Princeton--In Winter Quarters--Lafayette--Brandywine and
Germantown--At Valley Forge--Burgoyne's Campaign--Port Schuyler
and Bennington--Bemis Heights and Stillwater--The Conway
Cabal--Aid from France--Battle of Monmouth--Molly Pitcher--Failure
of French Aid--Massacre at Wyoming--Continental Money--Stony
Point--Treason of Arnold--Paul Jones' Great Victory 103


CHAPTER VI.

THE REVOLUTION IN THE SOUTH (CONCLUDED).

Capture of Savannah--British Conquest of Georgia--Fall of
Charleston--Bitter Warfare in South Carolina--Battle of
Camden--Of King's Mountain--Of the Cowpens--Battle of Guilford
Court-House--Movements of Cornwallis--The Final Campaign--Peace
and Independence 131


CHAPTER VII.

ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED STATES.

The Method of Government During the Revolution--Impending
Anarchy--The State Boundaries--State Cessions of Land--Shays'
Rebellion--Adoption of the Constitution--Its Leading Features--The
Ordinance of 1787--Formation of Parties--Election of the First
President and Vice-President 143


CHAPTER VIII.

ADMINISTRATIONS OF WASHINGTON, JOHN ADAMS, AND JEFFERSON--1789-1809.

Washington--His Inauguration as First President of the United
States--Alexander Hamilton--His Success at the Head of the
Treasury Department--The Obduracy of Rhode Island--Establishment
of the United States Bank--Passage of a Tariff Bill--Establishment
of a Mint--The Plan of a Federal Judiciary--Admission of Vermont,
Kentucky, and Tennessee--Benjamin Franklin--Troubles with the Western
Indians--Their Defeat by General Wayne--Removal of the National
Capital Provided for--The Whiskey Insurrection--The Course of
"Citizen Genet"--Jay's Treaty--Re-election of Washington--Resignation
of Jefferson and Hamilton--Washington's Farewell Address--Establishment
of the United States Military Academy at West Point--The Presidential
Election of 1796--John Adams--Prosperity of the Country--Population
of the Country in 1790--Invention of the Cotton Gin--Troubles with
France--War on the Ocean--Washington Appointed Commander-in-Chief--Peace
Secured--The Alien and Sedition Laws--The Census of 1800--The
Presidential Election of 1800--The Twelfth Amendment to the
Constitution--Thomas Jefferson--Admission of Ohio--The Indiana
Territory--The Purchase of Louisiana--Its Immense Area--Abolishment of
the Slave Trade--War with Tripoli--The Lewis and Clark Expedition
--Alexander Hamilton Killed in a Duel by Aaron Burr--The First Steamboat
on the Hudson--The First Steamer to Cross the Atlantic--England's
Oppressive Course Toward the United States--Outrage by the British Ship
_Leander_--The Affair of the _Leopard_ and _Chesapeake_--Passage of
the Embargo Act--The Presidential Election of 1808 153


CHAPTER IX.

ADMINISTRATIONS OF MADISON, 1809-1817.



Pages: | 1 | | 2 | | 3 | | 4 | | 5 | | 6 | | 7 | | 8 | | 9 | | 10 | | 11 | | 12 | | 13 | | 14 | | 15 | | 16 | | 17 | | 18 | | 19 | | 20 | | 21 | | 22 | | 23 | | 24 | | 25 | | 26 | | 27 | | 28 | | 29 | | 30 | | 31 | | 32 | | 33 | | 34 | | 35 | | 36 | | 37 | | 38 | | 39 | | 40 | | 41 | | 42 | | 43 | | 44 | | 45 | | 46 | | 47 | | 48 | | 49 | | 50 | | 51 | | 52 | | 53 | | 54 | | 55 | | 56 | | 57 | | 58 | | 59 | | 60 | | 61 | | 62 | | 63 | | 64 | | 65 | | 66 | | 67 | | 68 | | 69 | | 70 | | 71 | | 72 | | 73 | | 74 | | 75 | | 76 | | 77 | | 78 | | 79 | | 80 | | 81 | | 82 | | 83 | | 84 | | 85 | | 86 | | 87 | | 88 | | 89 | | 90 | | 91 | | 92 | | 93 | | 94 | | 95 | | 96 | | 97 | | 98 | | 99 | | 100 | | 101 | | 102 | | 103 | | 104 | | 105 | | 106 | | 107 | | 108 | | 109 | | 110 | | 111 | | 112 | | 113 | | 114 | | 115 | | 116 | | 117 | | 118 | | 119 | | 120 | | 121 | | 122 | | 123 | | 124 | | 125 | | 126 | | 127 | | 128 | | 129 | | 130 | | 131 | | 132 | | 133 | | 134 | | 135 | | 136 | | 137 | | 138 | | 139 | | 140 | | 141 | | 142 | | Next |

N O P Q R S T
U V W X Y Z 

Your last read book:

You dont read books at this site.