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Met Spanish Commissioners at Paris, October
1st. Treaty of Peace signed by the Commissioners at Paris, December
10th. Ratified by the United States Senate at Washington, February 6,
1899.]

This treaty transformed the political geography of the world by
establishing the United States' authority in both hemispheres, and also
in the tropics, where it had never before extended. It, furthermore,
brought under our dominion and obligated us for the government of
strange and widely isolated peoples, who have little or no knowledge of
liberty and government as measured by the American standards. In this
new assumption of responsibility America essayed a difficult problem,
the solving of which involved results that could not fail to influence
the destiny of our nation and the future history of the whole world.

On January 3, 1899, the Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State, delivered the
Treaty of Peace to President McKinley, who, on January 4th, forwarded
the same to the Senate of the United States with a view to its
ratification. Below will be found the complete text of the treaty as
submitted by the President.

ARTICLE I.--Spain relinquishes all claim of sovereignty over and
title to Cuba.

And as the island is, upon its evacuation by Spain, to be occupied by
the United States, the United States will, so long as such occupation
shall last, assume and discharge the obligations that may under
international law result from the fact of its occupation, for the
protection of life and property.

ARTICLE II.--Spain cedes to the United States the island of Porto
Rico and other islands now under Spanish sovereignty in the West
Indies, and the island of Guam in the Marianas or Ladrones.

ARTICLE III.--Spain cedes to the United States the archipelago known
as the Philippine Islands, and comprehending the islands lying within
the following line:

"A line running from west to east along or near the twentieth
parallel of north latitude and through the middle of the navigable
channel of Bachi, from the one hundred and eighteenth (118th) to the
one hundred and twenty-seventh (127th) degree meridian of longitude
east of Greenwich, thence along the one hundred and twenty-seventh
(127th) degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich to the
parallel of four degrees and forty-five minutes (4-45) north latitude
to its intersection with the meridian of longitude one hundred and
nineteen degrees and thirty-five minutes (119-35) east of Greenwich,
thence along the meridian of longitude one hundred and nineteen
degrees and thirty-five minutes (119-35) east of Greenwich to the
parallel of latitude seven degrees and forty minutes (7-40) north,
thence along the parallel of latitude seven degrees and forty minutes
(7-40) north to its intersection with the one hundred and sixteenth
(116th) degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich, thence by a
direct line to the intersection of the tenth (10th) degree parallel
of north latitude with the one hundred and eighteenth (118th) degree
meridian of longitude east of Greenwich, and thence along the one
hundred and eighteenth (118th) degree meridian of longitude east of
Greenwich to the point of beginning."

The United States will pay to Spain the sum of twenty million dollars
($20,000,000) within three months after the exchange of ratifications
of the present treaty.

ARTICLE IV.--The United States will, for the term of ten years from
the day of the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty,
admit Spanish ships and merchandise to the ports of the Philippine
Islands on the same terms as ships and merchandise of the United
States.

ARTICLE V.--The United States will, upon the signature of the present
treaty, send back to Spain at its own cost the Spanish soldiers taken
as prisoners of war on the capture of Manila by the American forces.
The arms of the soldiers in question shall be restored to them.

Spain will, upon the exchange of the ratifications of the present
treaty, proceed to evacuate the Philippines as well as the island of
Guam, on terms similar to those agreed upon by the commissioners
appointed to arrange for the evacuation of Porto Rico and other
islands in the West Indies, under the protocol of August 12, 1898,
which is to continue in force till its provisions are completely
executed.

The time within which the evacuation of the Philippine Islands and
Guam shall be completed shall be fixed by the two Governments. Stands
of colors, uncaptured war-vessels, small arms, guns of all calibers,
with their carriages and accessories, powder, ammunition, live stock,
and materials and supplies of all kinds belonging to the land and
naval forces of Spain in the Philippines and Guam, remain the
property of Spain. Pieces of heavy ordnance, exclusive of field
artillery, in the fortifications and coast defenses shall remain in
their emplacements for the term of six months, to be reckoned from
the exchange of ratifications of the treaty; and the United States
may, in the meantime, purchase such material from Spain if a
satisfactory agreement between the two Governments on the subject
shall be reached.

ARTICLE VI.--Spain will, upon the signature of the present treaty,
release prisoners of war and all persons detained or imprisoned for
political offenses in connection with the insurrections in Cuba and
the Philippines and the war with the United States.

Reciprocally, the United States will release all persons made
prisoners of war by the American forces and will undertake to obtain
the release of all Spanish prisoners in the hands of the insurgents
in Cuba and the Philippines.

The Government of the United States will at its own cost return to
Spain and the Government of Spain will at its own cost return to the
United States, Cuba, Porto Rico, and the Philippines, according to
the situation of their respective homes, prisoners released or caused
to be released by them, respectively, under this article.

ARTICLE VII.--The United States and Spain mutually relinquish all
claims for indemnity, national and individual, of every kind, of
either Government or of its citizens or subjects, against the other
Government that may have arisen since the beginning of the late
insurrection in Cuba, and prior to the exchange of ratifications of
the present treaty, including all claims for indemnity for the cost
of the war.

The United States will adjudicate and settle the claims of its
citizens against Spain relinquished in this article.

ARTICLE VIII.--In conformity with the provisions of Articles I, II,
and III of this treaty, Spain relinquishes in Cuba and cedes in Porto
Rico and other islands in the West Indies, in the island of Guam and
in the Philippine archipelago, all the buildings, wharves, barracks,
forts, structures, public highways, and other immovable property,
which, in conformity with law, belong to the public domain, and as
such belong to the Crown of Spain.

And it is hereby declared that the relinquishment or cession, as the
case may be, to which the preceding paragraph refers, cannot in any
respect impair the property or rights which by law belong to the
peaceful possession of property of all kinds, of provinces,
municipalities, public or private establishments, ecclesiastical or
civic bodies, or any other associations having legal capacity to
acquire and possess property in the aforesaid territories renounced
or ceded, or of private individuals, of whatsoever nationality such
individuals may be.

The aforesaid relinquishment or cession, as the case may be, includes
all documents exclusively referring to the sovereignty relinquished
or ceded that may exist in the archives of the Peninsula. Where any
document in such archives only in part relates to said sovereignty, a
copy of such part will be furnished whenever it shall be requested.
Like rules shall be reciprocally observed in favor of Spain in
respect of documents in the archives of the islands above referred
to.

In the aforesaid relinquishment or cession, as the case may be, are
also included such rights as the Crown of Spain and its authorities
possess in respect of the official archives and records, executive as
well as judicial, in the islands above referred to, which relate to
said islands or the rights and property of their inhabitants. Such
archives and records shall be carefully preserved, and private
persons shall, without distinction, have the right to require in
accordance with law authenticated copies of the contracts, wills, and
other instruments forming part of notarial protocols or files, or
which may be contained in the executive or judicial archives, be the
latter in Spain or in the islands aforesaid.

ARTICLE IX.--Spanish subjects, natives of the peninsula, residing in
the territory over which Spain by the present treaty relinquishes or
cedes her sovereignty, may remain in such territory or may remove
therefrom, retaining in either event all their rights of property,
including the right to sell or dispose of such property or of its
proceeds, and they shall also have the right to carry on their
industry, commerce, and professions, being subject in respect thereof
to such laws as are applicable to other foreigners. In case they
remain in the territory they may preserve their allegiance to the
Crown of Spain by making before a court of record, within a year from
the date of the exchange of ratifications of this treaty, a
declaration of their decision to preserve such allegiance, in default
of which declaration they shall be held to have renounced it and to
have adopted the nationality of the territory in which they may
reside.

The civil rights and political status of the native inhabitants of
the territories hereby ceded to the United States shall be determined
by the Congress.

ARTICLE X.--The inhabitants of the territories over which Spain
relinquishes or cedes her sovereignty shall be secure in the free
exercise of their religion.

ARTICLE XI.--The Spaniards residing in the territories over which
Spain by this treaty cedes or relinquishes her sovereignty shall be
subject in matters civil as well as criminal to the jurisdiction of
the courts of the country wherein they reside, pursuant to the
ordinary laws governing the same; and they shall have the right to
appear before such courts and to pursue the same course as citizens
of the country to which the courts belong.

ARTICLE XII.--Judicial proceedings pending at the time of the
exchange of ratifications of this treaty in the territories over
which Spain relinquishes or cedes her sovereignty shall be determined
according to the following rules:

1.



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