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Grant--Settlement of the _Alabama_ Claims
--Completion of the Overland Railway--The Chicago Fire--Settlement
of the Northwestern Boundary--Presidential Election of 1872--The Modoc
Troubles--Civil War in Louisiana--Admission of Colorado--Panic of
1873--Notable Deaths--Custer's Massacre--The Centennial--The
Presidential Election of 1876 the Most Perilous in the History of
the Country 407


CHAPTER XX.

ADMINISTRATIONS OF HAYES, GARFIELD, AND ARTHUR, 1877-1885.

R.B. Hayes--The Telephone--Railway Strikes--Elevated
Railroads--War with the Nez Perce Indians--Remonetization of
Silver--Resumption of Specie Payments--A Strange Fishery
Award--The Yellow Fever Scourge--Presidential Election of
1878--James A. Garfield--Civil Service Reform--Assassination of
President Garfield--Chester A. Arthur--The Star Route Frauds--The
Brooklyn Bridge--The Chinese Question--The Mormons--Alaska
Exploration--The Yorktown Centennial--Attempts to Reach the North
Pole by Americans--History of the Greely Expedition 427


CHAPTER XXI.

ADMINISTRATION OF CLEVELAND (FIRST) AND OF HARRISON, 1885-1893.

Grover Cleveland--Completion of the Washington Monument--The
Bartholdi Statue--Death of General Grant--Death of Vice-President
Hendricks--The First Vice-President to Die in Office--George
Clinton--Elbridge Gerry--William R. King--Henry Wilson--Death of
General McClellan--Of General Hancock--His Career--The Dispute
Between Capital and Labor--Arbitration--The Anarchistic Outbreak
in Chicago--The Charleston Earthquake--Conquest of the Apaches
--Presidential Election of 1888--Benjamin Harrison--The Johnstown
Disaster--Threatened War with Chili--The Indian Uprising of 1890-91
--Admission of New States--Presidential Election of 1892 459


CHAPTER XXII.

ADMINISTRATION OF CLEVELAND (SECOND), 1893-1897.

Repeal of the Purchase Clause of the Sherman Bill--The World's
Columbian Exposition at Chicago--The Hawaiian Imbroglio--The
Great Railroad Strike of 1894--Coxey's Commonweal Army--Admission
of Utah--Harnessing of Niagara--Dispute with England Over
Venezuela's Boundary--Presidential Election of 1896 487


CHAPTER XXIII.

ADMINISTRATION OF CLEVELAND (SECOND, CONCLUDED), 1893-1897.

Settling the Northwest--The Face of the Country Transformed--Clearing
Away the Forests and its Effects--Tree-planting on the Prairies--Pioneer
Life in the Seventies--The Granary of the World--The Northwestern
Farmer--Transportation and Other Industries--Business Cities and
Centres--United Public Action and its Influence--The Indian
Question--Other Elements of Population--Society and General Culture 511


CHAPTER XXIV.

ADMINISTRATION OF MCKINLEY, 1897-1901.

William McKinley--Organization of "Greater New York"--Removal of
General Grant's Remains to Morningside Park--The Klondike Gold
Excitement--Spain's Misrule in Cuba--Preliminary Events of the
Spanish-American War 527


CHAPTER XXV.

ADMINISTRATION OF MCKINLEY (CONTINUED), 1897-1901.

THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.

Opening Incidents--Bombardment of Matanzas--Dewey's Wonderful
Victory at Manila--Disaster to the _Winslow_ at Cardenas Bay--The
First American Loss of Life--Bombardment of San Juan, Porto
Rico--The Elusive Spanish Fleet--Bottled-up in Santiago
Harbor--Lieutenant Hobson's Daring Exploit--Second Bombardment of
Santiago and Arrival of the Army--Gallant Work of the Rough
Riders and the Regulars--Battles of San Juan and El Caney--Destruction
of Cervera's Fleet--General Shafter Reinforced in Front of Santiago
--Surrender of the City--General Miles in Porto Rico--An Easy Conquest
--Conquest of the Philippines--Peace Negotiations and Signing of the
Protocol--Its Terms--Members of the National Peace Commission--Return
of the Troops from Cuba and Porto Rico--The Peace Commission in
Paris--Conclusion of its Work--Terms of the Treaty--Ratified by
the Senate 547


CHAPTER XXVI.

ADMINISTRATION OF McKINLEY (CONTINUED), 1897-1901

OUR NEW POSSESSIONS

The Islands of Hawaii--Their Inhabitants and Products--City of
Honolulu--History of Cuba--The Ten Years' War--The Insurrection
of 1895-98--Geography and Productions of Cuba--Its Climate--History
of Porto Rico--Its People and Productions--San Juan and Ponce--Location,
Discovery, and History of the Philippines--Insurrections of the
Filipinos--City of Manila--Commerce--Philippine Productions--Climate
and Volcanoes--Dewey at Manila--The Ladrone Islands--Conclusion 587


[Illustration: PENN'S TREATY BELT]

[Illustration: A Settler. Ruins of Jamestown. Indian Chief.]




List of Illustrations.

PAGE

Amerigo Vespucci, 33
Meeting Between the Northmen and Natives, 34
Sebastian Cabot, 35
Columbus and the Egg, 37
An Indian Council of War, 41
"The Broiling of Fish Over the Fire," 43
Indian Village Enclosed with Palisades, 44
Sir Walter Raleigh, 45
Seal of the Virginia Company, 47
Armor Worn by the Pilgrims in 1620, 52
Landing of Myles Standish, 54
Roger Williams in Banishment, 57
Primitive Mode of Grinding Corn, 60
Friends' Meeting-House, Burlington, N.J., 64
Moravian Easter Service, Bethlehem, Pa., 68
Colonial Plow--1706, 71
Ancient Horseshoes, 72
A Colonial Flax-wheel, 72
Silk-winding, 73
A Comfortier, or Chafing Dish, 73
Early Days in New England, 74
Places of Worship in New York in 1742, 75
Attack on Rioters, Springfield, Mass., in 1786, 77
Young Washington Riding a Colt, 79
Braddock's Defeat, 81
Martello Tower on the Heights of Abraham, 82
A Dutch Household as Seen in the Early Days in New York, 83
Memorial Hall, Harvard College, 85
Bible Brought Over in the _Mayflower_, 86
American Stage-coach of 1795, 87
The Old South Church, Boston, 91
Patrick Henry, 93
The Monument on Bunker Hill, 94
Nomination of Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, 96
Faneuil Hall, Boston, 97
St. Paul's Church, New York, 101
Independence Hall, Philadelphia, 104
The Liberty Bell, 105
The Statue of Liberty, 107
An Old New York Mansion, 109
Washington Crossing the Delaware, 113
"Give Them Watts, Boys," 115
Washington at Valley Forge, 117
An Old Colonial House at Germantown, 120
Virginia Currency, 1670, 123
Paul Jones, 125
The _Bon Homme Richard_ and _Serapis_, 126
British Captain Surrendering Sword, 127
Escape of Benedict Arnold, 129
Tarleton's Lieutenant and the Farmer, 134
Cornwallis, 137
A Plantation Gateway, 143
Senate Chamber, 147
House of Representatives, 149
An Old Indian Farm-house, 152
Mary Ball, the Mother of Washington, 153
George Washington, 154
Inauguration of Washington, 155
Alexander Hamilton, 157
Ben Franklin in His Father's Shop, 159
Franklin's Grave, 160
Chief Justice John Jay, 163
Washington's Bedroom in which He Died, 165
Mother of Washington Receiving Lafayette, 166
John Adams, 168
The Cotton Gin, Invented in 1793, 169
Thomas Jefferson, 171
Development of Steam Navigation, 177
Robert Fulton, 178
James Madison, 182
The Arts of Peace and the Art of War, 187
Mrs.



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